The MBTI® Instrument or mbti-1rather the Myers-Briggs* Type Indicator® test is a useful tool designed to help you understand your personality and psychological type and thereby the reasoning behind your actions and behaviours. Since its introduction in 1943 – by scholars of Jung’s psychological types Katharine Briggs and Isabel Myers – MBTI® testing has been constantly refined with ever more precise questions and research by experts within the field of psychological testing (psychometrics) in order to reveal accurate personality type.

Using an in depth questionnaire it is possible to identify the four different preferences and sixteen personality types within normal human behaviour patterns. It is the first test of its kind to measure ‘healthy’ behavioural traits. The preferences are based on the following four dichotomies:

  • How you prefer to get energised: Extraversion/introversion
  • How you prefer to take in information: Sensing/Intuition
  • How you prefer to make decisions: Thinking/Feeling
  • How you prefer to approach life: Judging/Perceiving

MBTI® preference pairs

MBTI® Step II provides four pairs of opposing personality preferences signified by letters. (See table) The preferences you select provide the first clue to finding your psychological type, which will ultimately provide you with an insight into why you act and react in certain situations.

Extraversion (E) – Introversion (I)

E = You derive energy from being around people

I = You work better being alone

Sensing (S) – Intuition (N)

S = You need specific facts and details

N = You act on hunches and see the big picture 

Thinking (T) – Feeling (F)

T = You make decisions based on logical analysis

F = You make decision based on your values and promote harmony for the people involved 

Judging (J) versus Perceiving (P)

J = You prefer your life planned and when decisions are made

P = You prefer to go with the flow

Knowing your psychological type gives you the tools to understand yourself and your behaviour, gaining a sense of your strengths and weaknesses. Once you know where your strengths lie you can seek out opportunities to use these strengths in all areas of your life. Also, an understanding of the different personality types may help you to appreciate others’ types and to view the differences more constructively.

*Carl Jung (1875 – 1968) is a Swiss psychiatrist who developed the theory of ‘psychological types’ and described different patterns of behaviour. His theory suggests that your strongest preferences are developed and confirmed in the first half of your life, and in the second part you develop lesser used skills that add balance to your life.

*Katherine Cook Briggs and Isabel Briggs Myers. Mother and daughter team Katherine Cook Briggs and Isabel Briggs Myers, studied Jung and devised a test to further categorise and analyse the psychological types, using friends and family for their original studies.

Personal benefits

  • Improve your self-awareness and reduce stress
  • Improve relationships; identify problems with family and friends
  • Understand other people and appreciate the differences in psychological types
  • Learn how you use your energy internally and externally
  • Understand other types of preferences
  • Identify opportunities to use your strength
  • Develop emotional intelligence
  • Avoid and resolve conflicts
  • Provide support and empathy

Professional benefits

  • Improve communication strategies
  • Develop your cognitive skills
  • Develop management and leadership skills
  • Understand and identify the teams different strengths
  • Understand your strengths and weaknesses
  • Find the perfect job to suit your type
  • Choose the most suitable academic direction
  • Function more effectively at work
  • Change and improve the corporate culture

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